Kalpvriksha,Ancient sculpture
Kalpataru, the divine tree of life being guarded by mythical creatures Kinnara and Kinnari, flying Apsara and Devata. 8th century Pawon temple, Java, Indonesia.


Kalpavriksha (Devanagari: कल्पवृक्ष) is a mythological, wish-fulfilling divine tree that is a common trope in Sanskrit literature from the earliest sources onwards – see Rig Veda (1.75; 17.26). Along with the kamadhenu, or 'wish-giving cow', the kalpavriksha originated during the Samudra manthan or "churning of the milk ocean", and the King of the gods, Indra returned with it to his paradise. While there is no attested Sanskrit source conclusively identifying this mythological tree with any real, known tree kalpavriksha can figuratively refer to a source of bounty.The aim of this article is to discuss how a powerful yoga like this traces back to the roots of the Kalpa-Vriksha (celestial tree).


Kalpa Vriksha is the celestial tree which grants all wishes. During the Sagar Manthan in which the Devas and Asuras churned the cosmic ocean the first thing to come out was halaahal (poison). This was later consumed by Siva to enable the manthan to proceed forward. Siva thus came to be known as NeelaKantha (the blue necked one). After the poison was consumed several other beautiful gifts emerged from the ocean. They consisted of various people, animals and treasures. They were Kamadhenu (the wish fulfilling cow), the Ucchaishrava (the white horse), Airavata (the white elephant), Kaustubhamani (a rare diamond), Kalpavriksha (the wish fulfilling tree), Lakshmi (the goddess of wealth), Sura or Varuni (the goddess of wine), and finally Dhanvantari (the divine physician) with the vessel of Amrita in his skilful hands. These objects except the last one were divided between the devas and the demons. Out of these the one in context to this article is kalpavriksha. Let us find more significations to kalpavriksha.